• Popular and effective medicine for type-2 diabetes
  • Lowers amount of glucose in the blood
  • Controls symptoms
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Controlling high blood sugar by taking Metformin will help prevent kidney damage, nerve problems, blindness, loss of limbs, and sexual problems. Proper control of diabetes will help lower the risk of a heart attack or a stroke.


What is Metformin? 

Metformin is a type of medication that is given to people with diabetes. When used with a proper diet and exercise program, it helps control a person’s blood sugar levels. This is often recommended by doctors for patients with type 2 diabetes. Not only does this treat type 2 diabetes but it also prevents high-risk patients from developing it. 

It’s important to control high blood sugar levels because if you don’t, then you are prone to several problems later in life, such as nerve problems, kidney damage, sexual problems, blindness and even loss of limbs. Moreover, in properly controlling your diabetes, the risk of experiencing a heart attack or a stroke is decreased considerably. 

Sometimes, Metformin can also be used for polycystic ovary syndrome or PCOS, which affects how your ovaries normally work. Even though this medication has not been fully approved for PCOS, it’s still an option for people who suffer from this condition. This is because Metformin can lower blood sugar and insulin levels, making it easier for the woman’s body to stimulate ovulation. 

For people who’ve relied on a diet and exercise program, Metformin is an added medication when these programs aren’t enough to control blood sugar levels. It is a prescription-only medication that is available as a tablet or as a liquid. 


How does Metformin work?

Drugs work by a number of ways. Some can interfere with how the body sends and receives signals to each other via neurotransmitters. Other drugs can even mimic important chemical structures of other neurotransmitters. In the case of Metformin, they work by restoring the body’s response to the insulin that is naturally produced. Insulin is an important hormone that controls sugar levels in your blood. Additionally, Metformin also reduces the amount of sugar that the liver releases. 


What are the benefits of taking Metformin?

Metformin is increasingly beneficial as it helps to treat and prevent type 2 diabetes to people who already have it and who are incredibly high-risk of developing it. Not only does it restore their body’s natural response to insulin but it also decreases the amount of sugar that their liver produces, reducing the risk of diabetes. Moreover, diabetes can cause a number of problems but when taking Metformin, the risk of developing them is lowered significantly. These problems include heart attacks, strokes, nerve issues, kidney damage, blindness and even loss of limbs. 


What are the side-effects of taking Metformin?

For a side-effect to be common, more than 1 in 100 people need to experience. When it comes to taking Metformin, here are the most common side-effects that have been reported:

  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Stomachaches
  • Loss of appetite
  • Metallic taste in the mouth

If these side-effects persist or bothers you to no end, then you should inform your doctor or pharmacist.

Other serious side-effects include the following:

  • General feeling of discomfort
  • Exhaustion
  • Fast or shallow breathing
  • Feeling cold
  • A slow heartbeat 
  • Yellowish skin 
  • Lack of energy
  • Pins and needles 
  • A sore and red tongue
  • Mouth ulcers 
  • Disturbed vision
  • Skin rash
  • Itching

When you experience these side-effects, then you should immediately inform your doctor or get rushed to the emergency room.


How do you use Metformin?

Before taking any drug, it’s important to know how to use it properly. When given your medication, there is usually a patient information leaflet that can be found within the product’s package. Read this carefully and thoroughly. Additionally, if you have any questions, you should ask your doctor first before taking any new drugs or medication. 

When it comes to Metformin, this drug is usually taken by the mouth with a glass of water. People take this medication with a full meal to reduce the side-effects they might experience. Depending on your prescription, this drug is usually taken one to three times a day, paired with the meals you take every single day. Unless you’ve been told not to, it’s important to stay hydrated which means you should drink plenty of fluids during this treatment. 

Metformin usually starts the lowest dosage available for people who are just starting on it. This is to reduce any side-effects that might occur. It is also a good way for your body to start getting used to the medication. It will gradually increase the more you start getting used to it. Your doctor will base the dosage of your medication on your body’s response to the treatment, the medical condition you’re currently experiencing and other medications that you are also currently taking. 

If there are other drugs or medications that you’re currently taking, then you should inform your doctor first before starting on Metformin. The doctor will tell you if you should stop or continue with the old drug. 

During the entire treatment, you should regularly check your blood sugar levels as well. This helps to know if the medication is working as directed. You should also inform your doctor of the results, especially if what was measured is considered too high or too low. Depending on the results, your doctor has the option to either adjust your dosage or change your treatment altogether. 


What is the right dosage of Metformin for me? 

Metformin is available in the following strengths: 

  • Metformin IR or Glucophage – 500 mg, 850 mg and 1,000 mg
  • Metformin ER or Glucophage XR – 500 mg and 750 mg
  • Metformin ER or Glumetza – 500 mg and 1,000 mg
  • Metformin ER or Fortamet – 500 mg, 750 mg and 1,000 mg 

Glucophage is the brand name of Metformin IR, which is the generic version. 

On the other hand, Metformin ER has three generic versions which were developed from different brand-name medications, including Fortamet, Glumetza and Glucophage XR. The difference between them is how they are made. 

Metformin is also available in different types. They are: (1) standard-release tablets and (2) slow-release tablets. The first one is to release the Metformin quickly and instantly into your body, which is why you may need to take one tablet several times a day. The second one is for the Metformin to slowly dissolve in your body, which means that you don’t have to take several tablets in a day. For the slow-release tablets, one tablet is enough for a day and it usually taken for the evening meal. 


Where can you purchase Metformin online? 

Metformin is available in local pharmacies and virtual pharmacies.

Please note: this page is only to be used as a reference of our price for this medication. If you are approved for Chronic Conditions medication, you will be offered treatment for you and the prescriber to jointly consider. However, the final decision will always be the prescriber's.
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